Author's Guideline

Journal of Higher Education and Development (JHED) is a multi-disciplinary research journal with focus on social sciences. Publication policy of the journal is as given below.

  1. Articles must be original and unpublished in order to be published in the JHED.
  2. Articles must be related to Pakistan-China Studies in order to be published in JHED.
  3. Articles would be reviewed by two approved reviewers (national and international) and rules and regulations of HEC would be followed in this regard.
  4. Decision of editorial board would be final regarding publication of an article.
  5. Journal of Higher Education and Development reserves the right to do necessary editing, addition and deletion.
  6. Received articles would be considered right of journal of higher education and development therefore, articles would not be returned whether published or unpublished.


Submission Guidelines

All manuscripts must be submitted electronically through the form available at our website:

  • Articles shall be in MS-Word (2013 or higher) duly formatted according to the guidelines and publication policy of the JHED.
  • Only Electronic submission (Soft Form) of manuscripts is accepted, and the corresponding text, tables, and figures shall be drafted in a single Microsoft Word file
  • Manuscripts shall be submitted through our online form available at
  • The Contributor has to register him/herself before submitting the Manuscript.

Manuscript Preparation

Title: The title of the article should be bold, centered and typed in capital letters (in 12 font) Times New Roman.

Author(s) Details: Author(s) details should be in (10 font) Times New Roman and should be centered below the title.

  • Full Name
  • Designation
  • Name of the Organization
  • City
  • State
  • Country &
  • E-mail ID.



Your research work should be accompanied by an abstract of 250 words. This abstract should entail the purpose of the study, methodology employed and findings of the study. Abstracts are often presented separate from the article / manuscript so it must be written in a way that it is able to stand alone.


Right after the abstract, write down a maximum of 5-10 keywords. Try to avoid general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for instance, ‘and’, ‘of’). Be very careful while using abbreviations in keywords; use only those abbreviations which are resolutely recognized in the field of study.

Page Setup: Size of the page should have 7 inches Width and 9.5 inches Height with 1- inch margin on all four sides. Header and Footer Layout should be 0.5 inches from edge.


Manuscripts should be typed in MS Word, in English language and should be furnished online only via e-mail (in attachment).

Length of Paper

The length of the paper should be between 4000-6000 words. Paper containing more than 6000 words will be returned to the author(s) for abridgement. Articles should be typed in 1.5 line spacing (including footnotes and references) on one side of the paper only (preferably A4) with wide margins. Authors are urged to write as concisely as possible, but not at the expense of clarity.

Instructions about Title Page

The title page is generally a separate page and comes before the text of the manuscript. It should include following details in the given sequence:


Title of your work should be very concise and meaningful, explicitly covering the contents of the paper because titles are often used to search the required contents by the users so avoid using formulas, abbreviations and jargons where possible.

Author(s) Name and Affiliation

Author(s) name should be written clearly along with family name. Right below the author name, mention authors’ affiliation & address i.e. where the actual work was done. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Also should be included in this part the full postal addresses of authors’ each affiliation which include city and country name, and, if available, the e-mail address, and telephone number of each author.

Corresponding Author

Clearly indicate who is willing to handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing, publication and also post-publication. Ensure that telephone numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address.

Sponsoring Information

If the submitted research work is sponsored or supported in any way by an organization or an NGO, please mention it clearly.

Subdivision of the Manuscript

Authors are hereby advised to clearly divide their articles / manuscripts into defined and numbered sections. Sub-sections should also be numbered like 1., 2., (then 1.1, 1.1.1, 1.1.2), 1.2, etc. (except the abstract which is not included in section numbering).

Figure Legends, Figures and Schemes

Authors should include these, in this sequence, at the end of their articles / manuscripts. The files having high-resolution graphics must be provided separate from the main body of the article / manuscript.


Tables should also be presented at the end of the article. Tables should be numbered one after the other according to its appearance in the text. Description of the tables should be presented right above the body of the table. Do not convert Tables into images before incorporating. Where possible, avoid vertical rules. Kindly make sure that data presented in the table do not duplicate the results presented in the manuscript elsewhere.


The text size of the formula, if any, should be similar to the normal text size of the manuscript.


It is the sole responsibility of the authors to be sure of the accuracy of bibliographic citations following the latest edition of APA citation style.

Citations in the Text

Kindly make sure that every reference cited in the text should also be presented in the reference list and vice versa. Authors should avoid using citations in the abstract of the manuscript. Personal communications and unpublished results should not be included in the reference list at the end of the manuscript but may be presented in the text. ‘In Press’ articles’ citation of a reference means that the work has been accepted for publication somewhere.

Citing and Listing of Web References

Wherever an author faces a problem of citation of a web reference, please include the full URL as a minimum. Any other information, if known to the author, should also be presented. This information may be about the author names, dates and reference to a source publication etc. For convenience of the authors and readers, web references can also be listed separately (for instance after the reference list) under the separate head if so desired by the author(s), or it can obviously be included in the reference list.

Text in References

Authors are advised to follow the referencing style used by American Psychological Association (APA), 6th edition. They can refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA), Sixth Edition, on

References list

References at the end of the manuscript should be arranged in an alphabetical sequence at the first place and then further sorted chronologically if necessary.  If there are more than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year then it must be identified using the letters “a”, “b”, “c”, etc., which is written right after the year of publication