The Duties of the Guardian about the Mentally Retarded: Comparative Study of Qur'an and Afghanistan Civil Law

Authors

  • Marhamat Jalal Lecturer at Judiciary and Prosecution Department Faculty of LLB, Alfalah University, Jalalabad, Afghanistan.
  • Mirwais Momand Lecturer at Judiciary and Prosecution Department Faculty of LLB, Alfalah University, Jalalabad, Afghanistan.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.59219/jheds.04.01.38

Keywords:

Qur’an, Guardian, Mentally Retarded, Afghanistan Civil Law, Mahjoor

Abstract

Idiot refers to a person who does not have the ability to manage his own finances, whether he is a young child or a person who has low intelligence or is mentally disabled in general. The Holy Qur'an has not allowed these people to enter and occupy their property due to the possibility of loss. On the other hand, the Qur'an has also mentioned the preservation of the human dignity of these people. In Afghanistan civil law, mentally disabled people or so-called fools are referred to with the word Mahjoor and, like the Holy Quran, they are not allowed to enter and occupy their property. Both in the Qur'an and in the law, the choice of a guardian or guardian has been given, and the powers of their property have been entrusted to the guardian. Using descriptive and analytical methods, this article has analyzed the defined responsibility of society towards mentally retarded people as a subset of Safha in the Qur'an and the Afghan Civil Code. Finally, it was found that there are shortcomings in Afghan’s civil rights against the daily needs of mentally challenged people, which are generally mentioned in the Qur'an, but ignored in the law.

References

Afghanistan Disabled Code 1389, 1037 kabul, Islamic Publications of Afghanistan.

Ameli, M. B. H. H. (2012). Al-Wasal al-Shi'a, Vol. 19. Al-Al-Bayt Lahia al-Trath Institute, Beirut.

Civil Law of Afghanistan. (1937). Civil Laws, kabul, Islamic Publications of Afghanistan.

Hali, J. B. H. M. (1985). AH, Shar'e al-Islam. Dar al-Kutb al-Islamiya, Busheer.

Hallahan, D. P. &, Kaufman, J. (2019). Exceptional students, translated by Hamid Alizadeh and colleagues. Publishing House, Istanbul

Hassan, O. (2014). Farhang Farsi Omid. Amir Kabir Publishing House, Tehran.

Hosseini, S. A. A. H. (1944). Tafsir Ezna Ashari. Miqat Publications, Tehran.

Katouzian, N. (2011). Civil Law. Mizan Publishing House, Tehran.

Langroudi, M. J. J. (1971). Expanded in Legal Terminology, Volume 3. Ganj Danesh, and Herat.

Mansour, J. (2017). Civil Law. Didar Publishing House, Tehran.

Mehdi, G. (2017). Psychology of exceptional children based on DSM-5, 1397. Salavan Herat

Nasser, K. (1958). Introductory course of civil rights. Tehran Publishing House.

Qaraeti, M. (2013). Tafsir Noor. Tehran: Cultural Center of Lessons from the Qur'an.

Rasooli, M. A. (2009). Analysis and criticism of the Constitutions of Afghanistan.

Reviewer Manesh, Abbas, the history of mental retardation, the source of the link magazine, 1365-84, Al-San, Mustafa. (2008). The legal status of mentally retarded children, Exceptional Education and Training, No. 24 and 25: 9-12.

Safai, H., & Qasimzadeh, M. (1958). Civil rights of imprisoned persons. Tehran, Samit publications.

Shirazi, M. (2008). Sample interpretation, edited by Ahmad Ali Babaei. Islamic Darul-Kitab, Tehran.

Shirin, E. (1956). Children's rights: a look at children's legal issues in Iran, Tehran. Kanon Publications.

Tareehi, F. (2003). Majma Al-Baharinfi Tafsir al-Qur'an. Islam Publications, Tehran.

Tayeb, S. A. H. (1959). Atayeb al-Bayan Anis, Ibrahim. 2012. Al-Wasit Dictionary, translated by Mohammad Bandar Rigi, Islamic Publications, Tehran.

Thaghafi, M. T. (2018). Tafsir of Rovan Javed, Burhan Publishing House, Tehran.

The Holy Quran. (Surah Nisa V. 5 and Surah Baqara V.282).

Tusi, M. B. H. S. (1996). Tafsir al-Tabayan, vol.3. Al-Al-Bayt Lahia Al-Trath Institute, Beirut.

Downloads

Published

11-05-2024

How to Cite

Jalal, M., & Momand, M. (2024). The Duties of the Guardian about the Mentally Retarded: Comparative Study of Qur’an and Afghanistan Civil Law. Journal of Higher Education and Development Studies (JHEDS), 4(1), 41–51. https://doi.org/10.59219/jheds.04.01.38

Issue

Section

Articles