What are Employers Looking for in Fresh Graduates in Nangarhar Province?


  • Hashmatullah Rahmati Lecturer at Administration and Diplomacy Department, Faculty of LLB, Alfalah University, Jalalabad, Afghanistan.


Skills, Soft Skills, Hard Skills, Employers


Afghanistan is a labour-abandoned country in which educated ones always tolerate unemployment; Nangarhar is a province where the workforce is more, whereas working opportunities are much more limited, so for a fresher to get their favourite job needs to strengthen their soft skills along with hard skills. If a fresher wants to get employers to hire them, they have to enhance their soft skills because soft skills are the basis for utilizing hard skills. Computer skills, English proficiency, Communication, and teamwork skills are highly emphasized by employers in Nangarhar province. This study aims to let fresh graduates know how to get their favourite jobs, what skills are important for them to enhance, and to get university students to focus on their soft skills along with their hard skills. This research is important for university students, graduates, academic centres and all organizations. This research guides graduate to enhance their important soft skills, which will help them in their favourite jobs. This research will get universities to focus on the soft skills of their students, which will give their graduates good job opportunities in the market. This study is conducted in the field. First, we targeted national and international organizations that employ more people; later on, I developed a questionnaire, collected data, and analyzed the data. As a consequence, employers in Nangarhar province emphasize communication skills, interview skills, English proficiency, and computer skills.


Christodoulou, K. (2021, November 17). WHAT HIRING MANAGERS WANT TO SEE IN GRADUATE INTERVIEWS. https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/graduates-what-hiring-managers-want-see-when-theyre-christodoulou

Dolce, V., Emanuel, F., Cisi, M., & Ghislieri, C. (2019). The soft skills of accounting graduates: perceptions versus expectations. Accounting Education, 29(1), 57–76. https://doi.org/10.1080/09639284.2019.1697937

Fulgence, K. (2015). Factors influencing graduates recruitment decisions: The case of Tanzania corporate recruiters. Academy of Educational Leadership Journal, 19(1), 195-216. http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11810/4477

Heang, L. T., Ching, L. C., Mee, L. Y., & Cham, T. (2019). University Education and Employment Challenges: An evaluation of fresh accounting graduates in Malaysia. International Journal of Academic Research in Business & Social Sciences, 9(9). https://doi.org/10.6007/ijarbss/v9-i9/6396

Humburg, M., Van der Velden, R., & Verhagen, A. (2013). The employability of higher education graduates. Maastricht: Publications Office of the European Union, 4. https://data.europa.eu/doi/10.2766/54258

Manevska, S., Danquah, K. a. B., Afful, C. F., Smerdova, J., & Manev, N. (2018). Bridging the Gap between University Curriculum and Industrial Needs: A Case Study of Teaching Interpersonal Skills. International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 7(1), 61–69. https://doi.org/10.33844/ijol.2018.60425

Othman, J., Bashir, A A. (2020). Expectation and Satisfaction of Managers about Levels of Knowledge and Skills of Fresh Engineering Graduates: The Case of Renewable Energy. International Journal of Engineering Education, 2(2), 1-49. https://doi.org/10.14710/ijee.2.2.1-49

Stewart, C., Wall, A., & Marciniec, S. (2016). Mixed signals: Do college graduates have the soft skills that employers want? Competition Forum, 14(2), 276. https://www.questia.com/library/journal/1P3-4246952401/mixed-signals-do-college-graduates-have-the-soft

Vilosio, C. (2011). What makes a good candidate? The preferences of HR Managers about new graduated jobseekers. Laboratorio R. Revelli, Collegio Carlo Alberto. 1-22. https://www.laboratoriorevelli.it/_pdf/wp112.pdf

Weligamage, S.S., & Siengthai, S. (2003). Employer Needs and Graduate Skills: The Gap between Employer Expectations and Job Expectations of Sri Lankan University Graduates 1 [Conference presentation]. 9th International conference on Sri Lanka Studies At: Matara, Sri Lanka.




How to Cite

Rahmati, H. (2024). What are Employers Looking for in Fresh Graduates in Nangarhar Province?. Journal of Higher Education and Development Studies (JHEDS), 4(1), 20–31. Retrieved from https://jheds.pedf.org.pk/index.php/jheds/article/view/40