Relationship between School Culture and Moral Development of Students at the Secondary Level


  • Rabia Tabassum Lecturer, Department of STEM Education, Faculty of Education, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
  • Aqsa Yaseen M.Phil. Scholar, Department of STEM Education, Faculty of Education, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
  • Mahvish Fatima Kashif Assistant Professor, Department of STEM Education, Faculty of Education, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.



School Culture, Moral Development, Students, Secondary Level, Education


This study explores the intricate relationship between student moral growth and school culture within the secondary education landscape of Lahore, Pakistan. The research aimed to investigate how student moral development intertwines with the prevailing school culture, as perceived by students themselves. The study population included students and teachers of both public and private schools in the Lahore district. Employing a quantitative approach, data was collected from 420 respondents through systematic sampling techniques. Data analysis revealed a significant relationship between moral development and classroom culture. The study also indicated satisfactory and insufficient areas of moral development among school students with respect to their teachers' role. It was recommended that the schools should provide a conducive atmosphere which may satisfy the unsatisfactory areas of moral development among their students. School culture and curricula should both be modified and developed to foster moral development among the students. Similarly, ethical leadership culture should be promoted among the teachers and Heads to cultivate responsible citizenship among students.

Author Biography

Aqsa Yaseen, M.Phil. Scholar, Department of STEM Education, Faculty of Education, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.




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How to Cite

Tabassum, R., Yaseen, A., & Kashif, M. F. (2024). Relationship between School Culture and Moral Development of Students at the Secondary Level. Journal of Higher Education and Development Studies (JHEDS), 4(1), 134–147.