Water Scarcity Awareness and Its Role in Promoting Water Recycling Systems at Car Wash Stations: A Case Study from Town-I Peshawar


  • Muska Mukhtar Lecturer, IMSciences, Hayatabad, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
  • Shakeel Hayat Assistant Professor, Center for Water Informatics & Climate Resilience (CWC), IMSciences, Hayatabad, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
  • Shahab-Ud -Din Research Associate, Center for Water Informatics & Climate Resilience (CWC), IMSciences, Hayatabad, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.




Water Scarcity, Water Recycling, Carwash, Climate Change, Urbanization


This study aims to investigate the issue of water mismanagement, specifically in the car wash sector. The objective of this study is to identify any substantial connections between water scarcity awareness and the implementation of water recycling systems in car wash stations of Town 1, Peshawar, Pakistan. The quantitative research method is used to achieve the objectives. Twenty people working on different levels in car wash stations were asked to fill out the questionnaire. The findings conclude that increasing the awareness of car wash owners towards water scarcity will enhance the likelihood of investing in water recycling technologies to reduce water use.


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How to Cite

Mukhtar, M., Hayat, S., & -Din, S.-U. (2024). Water Scarcity Awareness and Its Role in Promoting Water Recycling Systems at Car Wash Stations: A Case Study from Town-I Peshawar. Journal of Higher Education and Development Studies (JHEDS), 4(1), 118–133. https://doi.org/10.59219/jheds.04.01.53